Skip to main content
Your Voice, Our Future - 2024 - 2029 Strategic Plan Stakeholder Survey
The survey will be available until February 16, 2024.

Stone Mountain High School

Dekalb County Schools

Evaluating Sources - Using CRAAP

CRAAP - C = Currency

Currency = The timeliness of information:

  • How old is it?
  • When was the information created, published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional? 

CRAAP - R = Relevance

Relevance = The importance of the information for your 


  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (e.g. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Does it seem credible?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

CRAAP - A = Authority

Authority = The source of the information:

  • Who is the creator and/or author and/or publisher and/or source and/or sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? For example:
    • = Academic institutions in the UK
    • .com = Commercial sites
    • .edu = Educational institutions
    • .gov = Government
    • = Health information services in the UK
    • .org = Non-profit organizations
    • .mil = Military
    • .net = Network.

CRAAP - A = Accuracy

Accuracy = The reliability, truthfulness and correctness 

of the content:

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Does it have references?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem objective and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?
  • Why do you trust it?

CRAAP - P = Purpose

Purpose = The reason the information exists:

  • What is the purpose of the information (e.g. to inform, teach, sell, entertain, persuade etc.)?
  • Do the authors and/or sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact, opinion and/or propaganda?
  • Is it objective or biased?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

Evaluating Information using the CRAAP Test